Protection and Provision of Global Public Goods
Public goods are goods whose benefits are available to everyone of the current as well as future generations, their consumption by one person or group does, in theory, not rule out the consumption of the same good by others. Examples for such goods are clean air and water. In 2008, then United Nations Secretary Ban Ki-moon defined the safeguarding of global public goods as one of the biggest challenges for the 21st century. Accordingly, China and Germany consider their protection and provision one of its highest priorities in their development cooperation.
Financial Cooperation on Environmental and Climate Protection
German Financial Cooperation with China focusses on environmental and climate protection and contributes to the protection of global public goods with German knowledge, experience and financing.
The KfW, the German Development Bank, gives out promotional loans for environmental and climate protection in China, financing a range of projects from energy efficient district heating, traffic systems, modern sewage plants, sanitary landfills to reforestation and the protection of biodiversity, thus limiting the disposal of sewage and solid waste into rivers and the sea and lowering greenhouse gas emissions, having a positive global impact.
These investments fulfill high standards regarding environmental and social safeguards. Apart from that they also feature innovative elements and therefore serve as model projects. Their impact reaches beyond the context of the singular project and provides important impetus for sustainable development in China. Germany benefits from a clean environment in China as well.
One example of such a project is the “Green infrastructure investment for the Yangtze River Delta” in cooperation with the Shanghai Green Urban Financing and Services Co Ltd. and the World Bank, investing in environmentally and climate-friendly infrastructure in small and medium-sized cities located on the delta of the Yangtze river. The dynamic economic growth of this region has largely occurred at the expense of the environment, deteriorating water quality, polluting air and contaminating the soil. The project looks to install modern, energy-efficient and environmentally friendly infrastructure to ensure water protection in the region, thus supporting the effort to implement the United Nations’ 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, including the protection of the oceans (Sustainable Development Goal 14).
Initiative for Reduction of Demand of Ivory in China
Poaching and the attendant illegal trade in wild animal products has increased substantially in recent years. Poachers target elephants and rhinos in Africa, in particular. Poached ivory and horn are largely sold by international criminal organizations to buyers in Asia. The German government supports several measures aimed at reducing the demand for ivory and horn in Asia, as well as improving cooperation between countries in Africa and Asia.
On 31 December 2017, the State Council of China implemented a nationwide ban on commercial processing and trade in elephant ivory. Financially supported by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), the World Wildlife Fund For Nature (WWF) works with China in efforts to diminish the illicit demand for ivory products, helping to protect important elephant populations globally, especially in Africa. To this end, the WWF has engaged in a far-reaching campaign with groups as diverse as the World Travel & Tourism Council, China Customs, and the Tourism Authority of Thailand, leveraging behaviour change and aiming to curb demand on ivory.
→ More information can be found the WWF’s website.
The private sector is of vital importance when it comes to reaching the Sustainable Development Goals. To this end, the develoPPP.de was set up by the BMZ over 20 years ago to foster the involvement of the private sector in areas where business opportunities and development policy initiatives overlap. To this end, BMZ offers financial and technical support for companies that want to do business or have already begun operating in developing and emerging-market countries including China. The company is responsible for covering at least half of the overall costs. In this way, the program helps fostering the vital transformation to a sustainable and climate-friendly economy. In China, projects have been developed and implemented in areas including textile and shoes, technical and vocational education and training, etc.
→ More information can be found at the develoPPP website.